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huanqiujiaodaoruoheyuyueshuzibianjie

来源 :中国教导报 拜候次数 : 发布时候 :2021-05-15

  “整体看来,大范围停止在线教导尝试、引入立异性教导讲授法、进步先生进修的自立性和自我掌控的空间等,都是这次疫情给教导系统带来的意想不到的主动影响。”视觉中国 供图

  genzhexinguanfeiyanyiqingzaihuanqiushuzhan,tianxiaguominzhengzailvliyichangdazhongweishengweiji。yinweiyiqingfangkongdexuyao,lieguodangjufenyuncaiyonglexiandingrenmenchuxinghejiaojidengfeiyaowugansheganyubanfa。tingzhijinchao,huanqiuyiyou188geguodufuke,shuyimingertongjiqingshaoniandefuzhizaodaoyanjunyingxiang。zhangdashuyuedexuexiaofengbiduijiaodaoxitongdailaileshiwuqianlidedajiyutiaoxin。

  jinqi,jingjixiezuoyuchengzhanggouzao(oecd,yixiajianchengjinghegouzao)lianxilehuanqiu98geguodude330mingjiaodaozhengcenidingzhehezhemingjiaodaozhikuzhiyuan,zhankaileyixiangzhizailinghuihuanqiujiaodaoxitongruoheyingdadangxiayiqingdedaxingdiaoyan,binglianxijinqifabudezuixinyilunguojixianshengpinggumingmu(pisa2018)shujuchengguo,duixiansheng、jiaoyuanhexuexiaodeyingdacainengtingzhipingguyushensi。

  挑衅

  数字边界或加重教导不公允

  jinghegouzaochaxunbaifangxianxian,lieguojiaodaoxitongzuidanyoudeshiyinweibenshenyingdacainengdequeweihuoqueshaozhishishuzibianjiejiazhongjiaodaodebugongyun。83.9%deshoufangzhebiaoxianruohequebaoyiqingshidaixianshengxueyedechixuxingheduiqueshaojinxiuzilicainengdexianshenggongjichengchi,shilieguojiaodaoxitongyihouzuizhongyaoyingdadeyiti。ruoshijiaodaoxitongmeifahuobunengjiaohaodiyingdayinweichuoxueerjixianshengzaixueyeshangxingchengdefumianyingxiang,neimoshehuijingjichuyudaomeichujingdexiansheng、xueyelequhechengjiniantoubuqiangdexianshenghemeifashunyingzilijinxiudexiansheng,doujianglunweizheichangyiqingzhongmengshoudajizuiyanjunhezuinuoruodequnti。xianshengsuochujiatingdeqingkuang、suojiuduxuexiaodeyingdacainenghebenshendekangnixing,douzaibushijiazhongzhejiaodaojiyudebugongyun。qici,shoufangzhehaibiaoxian,xuyaogaoduzhengshixianshengdeganqinghexinsiankang,tebieshiduijiatingqiantidaomeidehaizi,zaijiameifahuodehushidexixinguwenqiebuwenxindejinxiuqingkuang,neimojiaoyuanyingjinmiqinmiyuxianshengjiazhangxiangtong,xiangyoujiankudexianshenggongjigebiehuadechengchiyuzhidian。

  缘由

  高品质在线进修情况差别较大

  chaxunbaifangfaming,shuzibianjieshouyaocunzaiyuxianshenggebie。xianshishang,xuexiaozaishoujipilian、diannaojijiaocainenghedaikuanqiantishangdechabiebingbuda,erzaichengchixianshenggaopinzhizaixianjinxiudeqingkuangchabiejiaoda。77.8%deshoufangzhebiaoxian,jishujucuocuoshiyuqingkuangshijinchaopengzhedezuiduodefangai。jinghegouzaojingyouguocheng2018guojixianshengpinggushujujinyibuzhengming,zaijinghegouxingchengyuanfangzhong,junyun9%de15suixianshengzaijiabuningjingjinxiudechusuo。erzaiyindunixiya、feilvbinhetaiguo,gaibilikuayue30%。gengjiayanjundeshi,bifangzaimeiguo,jijinyiqiezaishehuijingjiqiantiyouyixuexiaojiududexianshengzaijiadouyoudiannaoyongyujinxiu,danzairuanruoxuexiaobudao3/4dexianshengjuyouruxudejinxiuqianti。zaizhongguosidi(beijing、shanghai、jiangsu、zhejiang),junyun74%dexianshengzaijiayoudiannaoyongyujinxiu,gaibiliguangxianmingxiandiyujinghegouzaojunyunzhi(89%),qiezairuanruoxuexiaodexianshengzhongzhiyaobudao2/3dexianshengjuyouqianti。lingwai,zhideyinfacunjuandeshi,xianshengzairenzhicainengshangkefoushengrenxinxihaodadezaixianjinxiu。zaijinghegouxingchengyuanfangzhong,junyun9mingxianshengzhongjiuyou1mingxianshengmeifajingyouguochengneironghexinxibianbieshishishiyugainian。

  撑持

  教导系统是不是具有专业才能

  chujishujucuocuoshijiqingkuangdetiaoxinyiwai,lieguoxuexiaoxitongzaizhuanyecainenghechengchishangshibushizuohaoleyongbaohuanqiushuzihuajinxiudechouban?diaoyanfaming,zaijiaoyuanzhuanyechoubanhecainengchengchishang,zhongguo、xinjiapojueduiqiantichongshi,erzaodaoyiqingyingxiangyanjundeqiyushouyaoguodu,baohanriben、xibanya、faguo、deguodengxuexiaoxitonghaimeiyouzuohaoyingdadafanweizaixianjiaodaodechouban。90%dezhongguosidi(beijing、shanghai、jiangsu、zhejiang)hexinjiapode15suixianshengdidianxuexiaodexiaozhangyiwei,jiaoyuanjuyouyingyongshuzihuatingzhijiangshoudegenjijishujijiaodaojiangshoucaineng,erriben、faguo、yidali、deguohexibanyadegaixiangbilijundiyujinghegouzaojunyunzhi(65%);yiyang,90%jiyishangdezhongguosidihexinjiapo15suixianshengdidianxuexiaojiaoyuanyouchongpeideshihouyingyongshuzihuazhuangbeitingzhijiangshouchouban(baohanbeike、jianzaokejian),eryidali、hanguo、deguo、xibanyaheribendegaixiangbilijunguangxianmingxiandiyujinghegouzaojunyunzhi(61%)。90%jiyishangzhongguosidihexinjiapo15suixianshengdidianxuexiaoweizanzhujiaoyuanliyongshuzihuazhuangbeigongjileyouyongdejinxiuzibenhuozhuangbeilezhuanyebangzhuzhiyuan,eryingguo、hanguo、xibanya、deguoheribengaixiangbilijundiyujinghegouzaojunyunzhi(65%)。zhidezhuzhongdeshi,95%jiyishangdezhongguosidihexinjiapo15suixianshengdidianxuexiaoyidajianleyouyongdezaixianjinxiupingtai,eryidali、faguo、eluosi、deguo、ribengaixiangbilijundiyujinghegouzaojunyunzhi(54%)。

  深思

  危急中的教员脚色与学校功效

  zaiyiqingbaofazhiqian,zaixianjiaodaohaijinjinbeizuoweibangzhuxiaowaijinxiudetilihuozhicunzaiyuduijianglaijiaodaotujingdemiaohuadangzhong。danshi,dangxiazaixianjinxiufangfoyichengweijiaodaodexingmingxian。lieguojiaodaozhengcenidingzhebianjiyiwei,zaixianjinxiumeifawanzhengdaitixuexiaojiaodaodeshehuigongxiaohejiaoyuandejiaose,bingqiexianshengyemeifajincongjishuzhonghuoyi。chaxunbaifangchengguoxianxian,chuzaijishujucuocuoshiheqingkuangshangdetiaoxinyiwai,guanhuaiyiqingshidaixianshenghejiaoyuandeshenxinankang,tebieshixianshengdeganqingjidaijiaguanjiaodaoshishoufangzheyiweijiaodaoxitongxuyaoyouxianzhenzhuodeyiti。qishou,xianshengdeshenxinankangyuzhangshihoudewangshanggoudang(jinxiuhuojiaoji)cunzaicixiaobizhangdeganxi。xuexiaoxuduixianshengjiazhangzaixianshengningjingyugongdaoliyongshuzihuadongxihejiaojimeitifangmiangongjizhidianyuchangyi。qici,zaiweijishidai,xianshenggengxuyaoganzaodaobenshenbushilingdingdegebie,renyurenzhijianxuyaobicijieqiayuguanhuai。shiyi,baogaochangyi,jibianzaitebieqijian,yiranxuyaochenglirenjilaiwangde“xinchangtai”huojizhilaixiaomixianshenghejiaoyuandejiaozhiyuguodujinghai。zaiqici,jiaoyuandejiaosebuhuibeijishuhuodaiti。shoufangzhebianjiyiwei,qiahaoxiangfandeshi,zaitebieqijianrenmenduijiaoyuandejiaosedenghouhuigenggao,congyuanyouchangshideguanzhuguanzhuzhegaibianweichangshidedizaozhe、pingguzhehezengjinzhe。

  zhengtikanlai,bencichaxunbaifangzhong80%deshoufangzhezaizhudongduidaizheiciyiqingweijiduijiaodaoxitongtichudetiaoxin。dajubudejiaodaozhengcenidingzheheyantaozhiyuandoujiangweijikanzuotuidongjiaodaobiangengdeqiangxinji。tamenyiwei,dafanweitingzhizaixianjiaodaochangshi、yinruliyixingjiaodaojiangshoufa、jinbuxianshengjinxiudezilixingheziwozhangkongdekongjiandeng,doushizheiciyiqingjijiaodaoxitongdailaideyixiangbudaodezhudongyingxiang。yongbaotianxiadebukendingxing,zengjinjiaodaobiangengbingqiejibianzaiyiqingweijishihouyirannengliuzhudangxiajiaodaoxitongdedizaolihehuoqi,shidajubujiaodaodingxinjianxingzhedepeihexiwang。

文章关键字: 先生 疫情 学校 中国 系统

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